Monday, 17 June 2013

Notes on Novels, Society and History | Q&A | History-10

Question Answers of Novels, Society and History

Concepts of the Lesson
1. A Novel is a long written story about people and events that have been invented by the author.
2. Novels can be divided into various classes according to the subject matter and manner of treatment.
3. There is a close relationship between the novels and the changes coming in the modern society.
4. Modern novels visualize, picturise and analyze some distinct modern situations.
Novels, Society and History
Notes on Novels, Society and History
5. Russian writers wrote about the plight of peasants, decline of village, and pitiable condition of the workers and moral degeneration of the middle class.
6. Novels should be educative, interesting and such novels are worth encouragement by the state and the society
7. Premchand was the first Hindi author to introduced realism in his writing.
8. Premchand stood for society evolution and his ideas was equal opportunities for all
9. His famous novel ‘Rangbhumi’ (1924) and ‘Godan’ have become immortal.

Short Answer Type Questions of Novels, Society and History

Q.1: “Novels were useful for both the colonial administrators and Indians in colonial India.” Support the statement with example.
To colonial administration –
1. A source to understand native life and customs.
2. It helped to govern Indian society with various communities and castes.
3. Novels helped to know the domestic life dresses religious worships etc.
4. Some of the books were translated into English by British administrators or Christian missioners.

To Indians –
1. Indians used the novels as a powerful medium to criticize defects what they considered in the society and to suggest remedies.
2. To established relationship to its past.
3. To propagate their ideas about society.
4. It glorified the accounts of the past and helped in creating sense of National Pride among the readers.
5. Novels helped in creating a sense of collective belongingness on the basis of one’s language.

Q.2: Explain how novels became a popular medium of entertainment among the middle class during late 19th century.
1. The world created by novels was absorbing, believable and seemingly real.
2. While reading novels, the readers were transported to another person’s world and began looking at life as it was experienced by the characters of the novel.
3. Novels allowed individuals the pleasure of reading in private as well as publicity.
4. The storied of novels were discussed in homes meetings or even in offices.

Q.3: What were the advantages of serialized novels?
1. A story is published in installments, keeping the suspense for the next issue.
2. Serialization allowed readers to relish the suspense, discuss the characters of a novel and live for weeks with their stories.
3. This was possible science the magazines were illustrated and cheap and affordable.

Q.4: What were the advantages of vernacular novels?
1. They were written in the language of common people.
2. Vernacular novels produced a sense of shared world between diverse people of a nation.
3. Novels also draw from different styles of languages. A novel may tell a classical language and combine it with the language of street to make them all a part of vernacular that it uses.

Q.5:- Describe the development of novels in Bengal.
1. Bengali novels lived in two worlds. Many of those novels were located in the past, their character, events and love stories were based on Historical events.
2. Another group of novels depict the domestic life in contemporary setting.
3. Domestic novels frequently dealt with social problems and romantic relationship between man and women.
4. Novels were read individually, sometimes in groups also.

Long Answers Type Questions of Novels, Society and History

Q.1: Explain the contribution of Premchand in Hindi novels.
1. Munshi Premchand was one of the greatest literary figures of modern Hindi and Urdu literature.
2. He began writing in Urdu and then shifted to Hindi.
3. His novels lifted the Hindi novels from the realm of fantasy.
4. Premchand wrote on the realistic issues of the day i.e. communalism, corruption, zamindari dept, poverty and colonialism etc.
5. He wrote in traditional art of “Kissa - Goi”.

Q.2: How ‘Industrial Revolution’ was reflected in the novels?
1. When Industrial Revolution began factories came up, business profits increased but workers faced problems.
2. Cities expanded in an unregulated way and were filled with over worked and unpaid workers.
3. Deeply critical of these developments, novelists such as Charles Dickens wrote about terrible effects of industrialization on people’s lives and characters.
4. His novel ‘Hard Times’ depicts a fictions industrial town as a grim full of machinery, smoking chimneys and rivers polluted.
5. Dickens criticized not just the greed for profit but also the ideas that reduced human beings into simple instruments of production.
6. Dicken’s ‘Oliver Twist is the tale of poor orphan who lived in a world of petty criminals and beggars. Oliver was finally adopted by a wealthy man and lived happy ever after.
7. Emili Zola’s ‘Germinal’ was written on the left of a young miner but it ends up in desire. It didn’t have happened like Oliver Twist of Dickens.

Q.3:- What kind of caste war is shown in Indulekha?
1. Indulekha is about the marriage practices of upper caste Hindu in Kerala, especially the Nambuthiri brahamins and the Nayars.
2. In Indulekha, Suri Nambuthiri, a foolish landlord comes to marry Indulekha. The intelligent heroine rejects him and chooses Madhavan, the educated and handsome Nayar as her husband.
3. Suri Nambuthiri desperate to find a partner for himself finally married a poor girl and gone away pretending that he has married Indulekha.

Q.4: Explain the picture of new middle class families which the novel ‘Pariksha Guru’ portrays?
1. Srinivas Das novel published in1882 was titled Pariksha Guru.
2. It cautioned young man of well to do families against the dangerous influence of bad company.
3. In the novel, we see the character attempting to bridge two different worlds through the actions they take.
4. They adopted new agriculture technology, modernized trading practices, and changed the use of Indian Language, making them capable of transmitting both western science and Indian wisdom.
5. The young are urged to cultivate the ‘healthy habit’ of reading newspapers.
6. But the novels emphases that all this must be achieved without sacrificing the traditional values of middle class households.

World Famous Novel, Novelists and their work

Novelists                           Novel                                 Main features
1. Potheri Kunhjanbu         Saraswativijayam                 Caste oppression and importance of education
                                                                                              for lower caste.

2. Rokeya Hissein              Sultan’s Dream                    Wrote a satiric

3. Bankimchandra              Durgesnandini                      Inspired political
    Chattopadhayaya           Anandmath                              Movement in India

4. Prenchand                     Sevasadav                           Raised social issues

5. Devkinandan Khatri       Chandra Kanta                    A romance with fantasy

6. Daniel detoe                 Robinson Crusoe                  Favored colonialism

7. R.L. Stevenson             Treasure Inland                     Praised the work done by

8. Jane Austen                  Pride and prejudice               Wrote about women in rural

9.Thomas Hardy              Mayor of Caster bridge         Wrote about traditional rural
                                                                                         communities of England.

10. Samuel Richardson    Pamels                                   Epistolary written in the form of

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